Hospital-acquired bacterias are the very resistant microorganisms that cause diseases within the health centres, and are guilty of over 70,000 infections a year. More than 10% of these infected in hospitals and other medical centers dies by this cause, not which were originally interned.
Nosocomial infections are those diseases that the patients had when they were admitted or they were incubating it, so they are produced by opportunistic organisms that take advantage of the weakness of the patients to settle in their body.
Respiratory infections are the most widespread covering a 22.2% processes with pneumonia as the most common infection, followed by the urinary (20.6%), surgical (19.4%) and bacteremia (13.7%).
The majority cause of all of them is a lack of hospital hygiene. Marked protocols are essential to further reduce this figure.
The sanitary measures that have to be carried out both health professionals as sick and family to minimize the risk of infection goes from the most basic: wash their hands before entering the room and before handling any urinary or intravenous catheter.
It is of vital importance maintain asepsis of all devices that are used with the patient, and not to exceed the limit of visitors in a room, especially those who have more weakened their immune system.
Cleaning products used in hospitals contain powerful germicidal that strongly attack the bacteria – even there are sprays for cleaning hospital surfaces with ultraviolet light to mark where are the bateria – but they still have still much resistance.
The correct application of the protocols will be decisive to stop those microorganisms lurking in the halls, rooms and waiting rooms.
Not all people are equally vulnerable to hospital-acquired bacteria. Patients of advanced age, as well as those who have weak immune system, the immunosuppressed, those who receive chemotherapy treatment and the newborns are the main objective of these opportunistic agents since your immune system is weakened and facilitates colonization of microorganisms.
The Spanish Society of Preventive Medicine, Public Health and Hygiene (SEMPSPH its acronym in Spanish), responsible for the study each year, has analyzed 287 hospitals of all communities with a total of 61.222 patients.
In Spain, according to the study, ‘Epine 2012‘, presented by the Ministry of health, social services and equality, we are reaching the lowest rate of nosocomial infections of the last 20 years, becoming in a 6.3 infected hospitalized patients. A few good data that we continue fighting every year to shorten.
More info | Hospital acquired infection in Wikipedia